Acne scarring forms the way any normal scar would. After an injury, once the tissue has repaired you are left with a visible reminder. This is the same case with acne. When a pimple develops the body’s inflammatory response is to send white blood cells to the damaged cells, which can remain for weeks at the breakout site attempting to repair the infected area. During the healing process sometimes the skin is not returned to its former state and will retain some imperfections commonly known as scars.
PREVENTION OF ACNE SCARS
Its near impossible to tell who will scar, whether or not the scars will remain or how extensive the damage may be.
The only method of preventing acne is to try and treat your acne as soon as possible early in its development.
TYPES OF SCARS
Generally, there are 2 main types of acne scarring:
These are : One is caused by the Increase of Tissue
The other is caused by a Loss of Tissue
SCARS CAUSED BY AN INCREASE IN TISSUE FORMATION
These scars are called keloids and are associated with the overproduction of collagen. The release of collagen into the system is a response of skin cells to injury. This huge amount of collagen can pile up into fibrous masses resulting in a large irregularly shaped scar. This type of scar is much more common in darker skin types so ethnicity as well as genetic factors are important.
SCARS CAUSES BY A LOSS OF TISSUE
This type of scarring is much more common and occurs in a variety of forms:
Soft scars, these are soft to the touch and have gently sloping rolled edges that merge with normal skin.
Ice-pick scars, these usually occur on cheeks. Generally small with a jagged edge and steep sides similar to wounds that would be created with an ice pick hence the name.
Depressed fibrotic scars, these are generally quite large with sharp edges and steep sides. This form is what an ice-pick scar may develop into over time.
Atrophic macules, these are fairly small scars on the face but may be a centimeter or larger when they occur on the body. Soft with wrinkled bases, these scars may be bluish in appearance.
Folicular macular atrophy, these generally occur on the backs and chest of people with acne. They are small, white, soft lesions that barely rise above the surface. They have the appearance of under-developed whiteheads. These lesions may remain for months or even years.
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